Political comes from the Greek word Polis which meant city-states. These city-states are a self-sufficient political entity. In India, City-states meant the Village Republic which was propagated by Gandhi. He wanted self-sufficient villages. He wanted a gram swaraj.
Political Philosophers are the thinkers who have laid the foundation of the various important thoughts like Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity. These Political Philosophers also lay the foundation of various ideologies like Capitalism, Marxism etc.
Evolution of Political Philosopher
There are 3 different types of Political Philosophers.
- Ancient Thinkers - Greek Thinkers like Aristotle and Plato
- Medieval Thinkers - John Locke, Thomas Hobbes are classic examples of medieval thinkers.
- Modern thinkers - These are the thinkers who are coming in the 19th and 20th Century like Mary Wollstonecraft and Karl Marx.
Political Philosopher full details
Socrates is regarded as the hinge of Western philosophy. As a mark to denote his importance philosophers before his time were called Pre-Socrates. He also turned the focus of philosophy from the physical world to the human, particularly the moral.
Plato is an idealist. He thinks what ought to be there rather than what is there in reality. He was a Utopian, Radical (who was looking for far-reaching changes), and a Feminist.
She was marvellous personality, educationist, political philosopher, the activist who agitated throughout her life for the equality of women based on reason to establish just and discrimination-free society where all individuals respected equally.
John Stuart Mill was born on 20 May 1806, Pentonville, London (United Kingdom). He was very curious to learn economics and political science from a very young age. He was a successful economist, political scientist, philosopher and a dedicated civil servant.
The idea of Chanakya (Kautilya) is very much relevant in contemporary politics where each state is looking to assert their power in a different way. All the modern states are giving tough competition to each other. But the problem could be solved by Diplomacy which is propounded by Chanakya.
She was born on January 3, 1831, in a Mali family whose hereditary profession was gardening and serve people of Upper caste. She was among the first women in India who demanded education for women and their equal rights to men.
Swami Vivekanand (Narendranath Datta, childhood name) was born on 12 January 1863. Since an early age, he was intelligent, studious and smart and very much attracted towards the Vedantic philosophy and philosophy of West.
Nehru promoted "Non-Alignment" and "Panchsheel". This became a world movement with the help of famous personalities like Sukarno, Tito, Nasser, and Nkurumah at an international conference in New Delhi, Bandung and Belgrade. They altogether led the foundation of the Non-Alignment Movement. This movement was established in Belgrade in 1961 agreeing on the principle of Bandung conference in 1955.
He studied in Elphinstone College, University Bombay and post-graduated from the University of Columbia, first Indian from his background. He did his major in economics from London School of economics and later completed a D. Sc. in Economics and Barrister in law degree from Gray’s Inn.
Karl Marx is the most influential Political Philosopher in the World. He said that Philosophers have only interpreted the world. What matters is to change it. These words of Marx are so suited to him in the sense that Marxism is Praxis.